Cities swelled with waves of new immigrants, employed in the rapid post-war expansion of industry. The completion of the transcontinental railroads opened the West to increased trade and encouraged emigration.
Manufactured toys were plentiful in most places, although along the frontier children, like their elders, were more self-sufficient. Thousands of rolling hoops were produced in Vermont alone after the Civil War.
Patriotic parades celebrated the end of the war, with veterans marching to the sounds of fifes and drums that they had brought back to civilian life from the military.