A Nation Comes of Age: 1865 to the early 1900's
- Cities swelled with waves of new immigrants, employed in the rapid post-war expansion of industry. The completion of the transcontinental railroads opened the West to increased trade and encouraged emigration.
- Manufactured toys were plentiful in most places, although along the frontier children, like their elders, were more self-sufficient. Thousands of rolling hoops were produced in Vermont alone after the Civil War.
- Patriotic parades celebrated the end of the war, with veterans marching to the sounds of fifes and drums that they had brought back to civilian life from the military.